Article 35 “Use of Force” : Justification

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  • July 9, 2017
    9:00 am - 3:00 pm

Article 35 “Use of Force” Justification in NYS

lady justice

Practical Application of the Law – NYS Article 35 (Use of Force): Justification

This course deals with your responsibility to make proper decisions with regard to the “Use of Force” in NYS.  This is an ever present reality and is not lessened by the fact that both “Unarmed and Armed Citizens” must make these decisions under the worst possible circumstances.  Most New York State residents do not know that their “Use of Force” will necessarily be subject to scrutiny both from Criminal Justice System and the Civil Law System.  Criminal and Civil prosecution may result if the individual’s actions are deemed unlawful or inappropriate.  Yet, failure to use force when it is reasonable and necessary may very well mean injury or death to the person and / or innocent civilians.  In particular, this course deals with NYS Law Article 35.

  • NYS does not have a “mutual combat law”.  You cannot agree to fight with someone without fear of prosecution. What this means to you is that ANY use of force against another person means you are committing a crime, even in your own home.  Nice huh?
  • Article 35 defines the “exemptions/justification” under which you can use force to defend yourself and/or another person in those situations.
  • In NYS we have an obligation to retreat and can only resort to self-defense physical or otherwise when there are no other options and deadly physical only when we are in imminent fear of death or bodily harm.
  • The laws in NYS are much more stringent than in other states however even in other states you still must show imminent fear of death or bodily harm.

This is a 6 hour class on the New York State Penal Law Article 35 “Justification” on the “use of force” in defensive situations.  As we all know from recent current events, defending ourselves and others is not such a clear cut decision any longer.    This course will define for you the terminology used by NYS, give scenarios as well as examples and explain the “justification” and your “right to self-defense” within the NYS Penal Law.

The cost for this Course is $75.00.

Venue:   Article 35 "Use of Force"

Venue Phone: 3157515559

Venue Website:

221 West Manlius Street, East Syracuse, New York, 13057, United States

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I am a 64 year old former professional bodyguard. Some of my achievements and Certifications include; -8 Styles of Martial Arts Training -PADI Scuba certification -Owned Upstate and Syracuse K-9 -National and Olympic Qualifier in Wrestling -Professional Driving School Training -Firearms Training Certifications